Netscape Communications was co-founded by Marc Andreessen, who was part of a team of developers at the University of Illinois that worked on the Mosaic browser project in 1993. As the web gained popularity, tech companies vied to develop the most efficient browser on the Internet.
Microsoft caught wind of this and initiated the Internet Explorer project in a bid to wrestle control of the Internet from Netscape. This sparked a fierce browser war between Microsoft and Netscape to achieve supremacy in the browser share market.
At the time, web developers longed for a scripting language to create or add dynamic features on web pages. Initially, they set their sights on Java but eventually realized that something more flexible was required to enhance user experiences.
In 1995, Brendan Eich was contracted by Netscape to create and implement a dynamic language for the release of their Netscape Navigator 2.0 browser. This project came as a rushed assignment to Eich. However, he saw this as an opportunity to work on something he was passionate about and teamed up with Netscape. And so the idea of a lightweight scripting language was born. It was named Mocha by Eich but was later renamed Live Script. In as little as ten days, a functional prototype was developed by Eich and was ready to be implemented in the Netscape Navigator 2.0 Beta browser.
In a bid to maintain its supremacy in the browser share market, Netscape agreed to partner with Sun Microsystems – developers of the programming language named Java. This alliance meant that Sun Microsystems secured the use of Netscape Navigator as a web delivery platform to make Java available to the Java Community.